Ankara is the second largest city of Turkey after Istanbul, and since 1923 its capital. Despite its capital status, Ankara is not as popular among tourists as Istanbul and the cities of the sea coast, but it is interesting as a non-tourist and more authentic Turkey. Many ancient sights have been preserved in Ankara since Roman times: Roman baths, a pillar of Julian and a Roman temple, from the Byzantine era, the Hisar citadel and cemetery are especially interesting, and in the Ottoman period, many ancient buildings were built in Ankara that have been perfectly preserved to this day.
As for modernity, Ankara is practically inferior to European capitals: it has excellent restaurants, discos, nightclubs and very good shopping.
Attractions and attractions of Ankara
Ankara fortress, founded by the Galatians on the outcrops of lava, and completed by the Romans, was restored and supplemented by the Seljuks. Inside the fortress, which is considered the oldest part of Ankara, there are many excellent examples of traditional Turkish architecture, many of which have been restored and received a second life as restaurants.
On both sides of Ataturk Boulevard are the best restaurants in the capital.
In Ankara is the mausoleum of the founder of the Turkish state – Ataturk. Every hour there is an exciting change of honor guard. Aladdin Mosque is one of the oldest Muslim buildings in the city. Not far from the ancient walls surrounding the old city, are the ruins of the temple of Augustus and Rome, built in 25-20 years. BC e. after the Roman Empire conquered Central Anatolia and the formation of the Roman province of Galatia. In the 2nd century the temple was expanded by the Romans in the 5th century. – converted to a Byzantine church.
In Ankara, on a hill on the walls of the ruins of the Roman temple of Augustus, the lines of the will of Emperor Augustine “Res Gestae Divi August” have been preserved.
In Ankara, you can see the ruins of baths that have Roman features – frigidarium (cold room), tepidarium (warm room) and caldaria (steam room). The baths were built during the reign of Emperor Caracalla in the 3rd century. n e. in honor of Asclepius, god of medicine. Currently, only the basement and first floors have been preserved.
One of the main attractions of Ankara is considered the Atakule observation tower with a height of 125 m. On clear days, the tower, built in 1987-1989, is visible from almost anywhere in the city. In its upper part is equipped with an outdoor terrace and a revolving restaurant “Seville”. Under the terrace there is a UFO cafe, and on the floors below are the shops of the shopping center and several other open restaurants.
Ankara is a city of mosques. Of interest is the Aladdin Mosque – one of the oldest Muslim buildings in the city, built by the Seljuks in the 12th century, the Ahi Elvan mosque of the 14-15th centuries, the Haji Bayran mosque of the beginning of the 15th century, and the largest mosque in the city – Kojatepe, built in 1967— 1987 years in the classical Ottoman style with four minarets.
Are there sightseeing tours to Ankara
Museums in Ankara
The Museum of Ancient Anatolian Civilizations (Hittite Museum), founded in 1921, is located in the 15th century indoor bazaar building. It contains the antiquities of the Hittite, Phrygian, Urartian, Assyrian civilizations found during excavations in Turkey, as well as collections from the Neolithic, Bronze Age, Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. The museum, recognized by the main historical museum of Turkey, houses one of the richest collections in the world. In 1997, the museum was awarded the European Museum of the Year Award.
The museum is open daily from 08:30 to 17:30, the ticket price is 20 TRY.
Prices on the page are for November 2019.
The Rahmi Koch Industrial Museum is dedicated to the history of transport development and contains collections of hundreds of exhibits – from various miniatures to full-sized objects – boats and other vehicles. The museum has a section dedicated to Mustafa Kemal Ataturk – the founder of modern Turkey, and Vehbi Koch – the father of Rahmi Koch and one of the first industrialists of Turkey and Ankara in particular. The museum is open to visitors daily except Monday from 10:00 to 17:00, on weekends – until 18:00.
The Ethnographic Museum is represented by a huge collection of Muslim art: Muslim rugs, national clothes, fabrics, folk musical instruments. Here, even the museum building itself is considered a separate exhibit.
The Museum of Fine Arts and Sculpture, located near the Ethnographic Museum, is represented by temporary exhibitions and a permanent exhibition dedicated to Turkish art, beginning in the late 1800s. and to this day.
The War of Independence Museum is located in the building where the Turkish Republican Parliament originally met and is presented with photographs and other documents on the war and presented on the museum displays. The exposition of the Aviation Museum is represented by various aircraft, aircraft products, missiles and many others, including several MiGs that entered Turkey from the other side of the Iron Curtain.